Why They Rock: Squats work just about every muscle in the lower body, including the glutes, hips, thighs, and calves. Not only that, it's a movement we do regularly throughout the day, so using it in your workouts will add some functionality to your training.
How To: Stand with feet hip-width apart and toes facing straight ahead or angled slightly outward. Slowly bend the knees and squat, sending the hips back behind you while keeping your torso straight and abs pulled in tight. Don't let your knees cave inward. Make sure they continue to track over your second and third toes as you lower yourself into a squat. Squat as low as you can and push into your heels to stand up.
- Squat with one dumbbell
- Squat with dumbbells
- Barbell squat
- Wide leg squat
- Front squat
- Wall sit
- One-leg squat
Why They Rock: Push-ups, like squats, are compound movements using almost all the muscles of your body. You'll work your chest, shoulders, triceps, back, and abs all while increasing your upper body strength.
How To: Get into a plank position—hands wider than shoulders and balancing on the toes or, for a modification, on the knees. Your body should be in a straight line from head to knees/heels. Slowly bend your arms and lower your body to the floor, keeping your neck straight and going all the way down until your chest touches the floor. Finish by pushing yourself back up to the full plank position.
- Push-Up Variations
- Push-ups on the ball
- Push-ups with hands on the ball
- Incline push-ups
- Staggered push-ups
- Push-ups with med ball rolls
- Divebomber push-ups
- Push-ups with side plank
- Resisted push-ups
- Seesaw push-ups on the ball
- One-arm triceps push-up
Why They Rock: Like squats, lunges work most of the muscles in your legs, including your quads, hamstrings, glutes, and calves.
How to Do It: Start in a standing position. Step forward with one leg and lower into a lunge position, keeping the front and back knees at 90-degree angles. Step back to standing and repeat on other leg. Do this exercise two to three times per week for 12 to 16 reps.
Sliding reverse lunge
Sliding side lunge
Lunge modifications for knee pain
4. The Plank
Why It Rocks: The plank (or hover) is an isolation move used in Pilates and yoga and works the abs, back, arms, and legs. The plank also targets your internal abdominal muscles.
How to Do It: Lie face down on the mat with your elbows resting on the floor next to your chest. Push your body off the floor in a pushup position with your body resting on your elbows or hands. Contract the abs and keep the body in a straight line from head to toes. Hold for 30 to 60 seconds and repeat as many times as you can. For beginners, do this move on your knees and gradually work your way up to balancing on your toes.
5. Lat Pulldown
Why It Rocks: The lat pulldown works on the major muscles of your back (the latissimus dorsii), which helps you burn calories and, of course, strengthen your back.
How to Do It: Sit on the lat pulldown machine and hold the bar with your arms wider than your shoulders. Pull your abs in and lean back slightly. Bend your elbows and pull the bar down towards your chin, contracting the outer muscles of your back. Do this exercise two to three times a week using enough weight to complete 12 to 16 repetitions. If you don't have access to a gym, try a one-armed row.